Veterans

Veteran Requests for Assistance Increase

Veterans from all eras reside in San Bernardino County, with needs ranging from aging and adult services to children’s services, and from transitional assistance to public health. Strengthening support networks for soldiers and their families may reduce the long-term individual and societal impacts of war. Financial benefits obtained for veterans results in local spending, job creation, and tax revenue. This indicator provides information about veterans in San Bernardino County, including demographic trends, economic and educational outcomes, counts of requests for assistance from County Veterans Affairs, benefits received per veteran, and information on veterans experiencing homelessness.

Veterans

How is San Bernardino County Doing?

Period of Service for Veterans

San Bernardino County 2017
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates, 2017, Table S2101

Similar to trends nationwide, the number of veterans living in San Bernardino County is declining:

  • In 2017, approximately 4.6% of San Bernardino County’s population was comprised of veterans.
  • Between 2017 and 2045, the veteran population in San Bernardino County is projected to decline 33%, from an estimated 100,000 to 67,000. This is a slower decline than statewide, which anticipates a 49% decline.
  • Most San Bernardino County veterans are Gulf War vets (38%), followed by Vietnam era vets (35%).
  • Women comprise 9% of the total veteran population in San Bernardino County.1

Projected Change in the Veteran Population

San Bernardino County and California, 2017-2045
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While the overall veteran population is decreasing, the number of veterans returning home from active duty is increasing, driving increases in requests for assistance:

  • Since 2008, annual requests for assistance increased 60%, to 29,181 in 2017.
  • Requests for assistance include compensation for service-related injuries, pension for wartime veterans, education expenses, health care coverage, and survivor benefits.
  • The average new award for state and federal benefits obtained for the veteran by San Bernardino County veterans service officers was $9,901 per veteran in 2016/17, which is similar to the statewide average of $10,076. 2

Requests for Assistance to the County Department of Veterans Affairs

San Bernardino County, 2008-2017
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Source: San Bernardino County Department of Veterans Affairs

Veterans typically fare better on most economic and educational measures:

  • San Bernardino County veterans have higher income, lower unemployment, higher educational attainment, and a lower poverty rate compared to non-veterans.
  • However, more veterans have a disability (32%) compared to the non-veteran population (14%).

Selected Characteristics of Veterans Compared to Non-Veterans Ages 18 and Older

San Bernardino County, 2017
VeteransNon- Veterans
Median Income3933225235
Living in Poverty8%14%
Unemployment Rate5.4%8.1%
High School Diploma or Higher94%79%
Bachelor’s Degree or Higher24%20%
With a Disability32%14%

Source: Analysis of data from Chmura Economics & Analytics

Data from the Homeless Management Information System (HMIS) reveal the following results for homeless veterans in San Bernardino County:

  • In the two-year period between November 2016 and November 2018, a total of 403 veterans were housed.
  • Over this same period, the number of homeless veterans fluctuated from a low of 34 in March 2017 to a high of 88 in June of 2017; the two-year average was 67.
  • The count contracts and expands as homeless veterans are housed and new homeless veterans are identified. Consequently, over this period, the trend in the number of homeless veterans has remained steady.

Average Monthy Number of Homeless Veterans and Cumulative Number of Veterans Housed

San Bernardino County, November 2016-November 2018
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Source: County of San Bernardino, Homeless Management Information System

1National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics, VetPop2016 County-Level Veteran Population by State, 2016; California Department of Finance, Population Estimates, Table E-2, July 2016 2California Association of Veterans Service Officers, Annual Report and Directory, 2018