Leading Causes of Death for Children Under Five

Child Deaths Down 21% Over 10 Years

Awareness of the leading causes of death for children can lead to intervention strategies to help prevent mortality. Many of these deaths are preventable through preconception health care, early and ongoing prenatal care, and outreach to parents and caregivers. This indicator measures the leading causes of death for infants less than one year old and children ages one through four in San Bernardino County.

Awareness of the leading causes of death for children can lead to intervention strategies to help prevent mortality.

How is San Bernardino County Doing?

In 2017, the overall death rate for children under five years of age in San Bernardino County decreased:

  • The number of infant deaths decreased 19%, from 199 in 2016 to 161 in 2017.
  • The number of deaths among children ages one through four decreased 9%, from 33 deaths in 2016 to 30 deaths in 2017.
  • The overall death rate for children under five decreased 18% between 2016 and 2017 and 21% since 2008.
  • Congenital defects/chromosomal abnormalities and prematurity/low birth weight top the list of leading causes of infant deaths.
  • Accidents and congenital defects/chromosomal abnormalities were the leading causes of death for young children (one to four years old).

Leading Causes of Death for Infants

San Bernardino County, 2017
Cause of Death-Infants (Under Age One)Number of Deaths
Congenital defect/ chromosomal abnormalities30
Prematurity/low birth weight22
Maternal pregnancy complications affecting newborn17
Complications of placenta, cord & membranes10
All Other Causes82
TOTAL161

Causes with fewer than five deaths for infants and fewer than two deaths for young children are included in “All other causes.”

2017 data considered preliminary and does not include deaths of San Bernardino County residents that were registered in a state outside of California.

Source: County of San Bernardino, Department of Public Health analysis of California Department of Public Health, Center for Health Information and Statistics, California Death Statistical Master File.

Leading Causes of Death for Young Children (Ages 1-4)

San Bernardino County, 2017
Cause of Death-Young Children (Ages 1-4)Number of Deaths
Accidents (unintentional injuries)10
Congenital defect/ chromosomal abnormalities4
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified4
Leukemia3
All Other Causes9
TOTAL30

Causes with fewer than five deaths for infants and fewer than two deaths for young children are included in “All other causes.”

2017 data considered preliminary and does not include deaths of San Bernardino County residents that were registered in a state outside of California.

Source: County of San Bernardino, Department of Public Health analysis of California Department of Public Health, Center for Health Information and Statistics, California Death Statistical Master File.

Death Rate Due to All Causes for Children Under Five

San Bernardino County, 2008-2017
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Sources: County of San Bernardino, Department of Public Health analysis of California Department of Public Health, Center for Health Information and Statistics, California Death Statistical Master File; California Department of Finance: 2010-2060 – Population Projections by Race/Ethnicity, Detailed Age, & Gender