Highest Rates of Chronic Diseases Among Counties
Chronic diseases – including diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular (heart disease) – are costly yet largely preventable. Chronic illnesses contribute to approximately 70% of deaths in the United States each year and account for about 75% of the nation’s health-related costs.1 This indicator reports prevalence and death data for heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure/stroke. Also tracked are hospitalizations due to heart disease.
How is San Bernardino County Doing?
Between 2015 and 2016, both heart disease prevalence and deaths increased:
- In 2016, San Bernardino County’s death rate due to heart disease was 185.7 age-adjusted deaths per 100,000 residents. This marks a decrease of 22% since 2007 but a one-year increase of 2%.
- There has been an increase in the percentage of county residents who were diagnosed with heart disease – from 6.5% in 2007 to 8.2% in 2016.2
- In 2016, San Bernardino County’s prevalence rate for heart disease was the highest among neighboring counties and the state.
Diabetes prevalence and deaths are on the rise:
- In 2016, 11.4% of adults in San Bernardino County had been diagnosed with diabetes, higher than all counties compared and California.
- This marks an increase from 2015, when diabetes prevalence was 10.2%.
- The long-term trend is also up, with an increase of more than two percentage points since 2007, when 9.2% of adults in the county had a diabetes diagnosis.
- At 33.2 age-adjusted deaths per 100,000 residents in 2016, San Bernardino County had the state’s third highest rate of deaths due to diabetes, behind only Imperial and Kern counties, respectively.
- Deaths due to diabetes increased slightly from 32.9 in 2015 to 33.2 in 2016. The longer-term trend is also upward, increasing 8% since 2007.
Between 2015 and 2016, high blood pressure prevalence and deaths due to stroke increased:
- In 2016, 31.1% of adults in San Bernardino County had high blood pressure, higher than all counties compared and California.
- This marks an increase of more than half a percentage point since 2015, when 30.5% of adults had high blood pressure.
- Of adults diagnosed with high blood pressure, 56% are taking medications to control it.
- Deaths due to strokes, which are associated with high blood pressure, have decreased 14% since 2007.3
In 2017, the hospitalization rate for heart disease in San Bernardino County was 86.6 per 10,000 residents (age-adjusted). This is significantly higher than the California hospitalization rate of 69.5 per 10,000 residents.